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Author: Roger Walker

Five alternative careers for pharmacists

Many people are surprised to find out that there are many alternative careers for graduates with a pharmacy degree that extend beyond dispensing and working in a chemist, hospital or industrial pharmacy. After years of study, pharmacists have many skills to offer in a wide range of areas, particularly as people with science degrees are so highly sought. Millions and millions of drugs are produced each year and this sees some of them flying around the manufacturing plant via Vacuum conveying that can be seen at companies like before they are packaged and delivered to pharmacies across the globe. There are endless choices for using your medical knowledge, but here are five alternative careers for pharmacists that may interest you.

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Research and development

Instead of working with licensed drugs, pharmacists can get involved at the development stage by working with other scientists who are researching new drugs and medicines. This could include understanding the pharmaceutical properties of the drug compounds, the dosage and how different ways of administering the drug could affect how it is absorbed. Pharmacists can be involved with assessing the safety and efficiency of new medicines during research, and they can also be involved in the clinical trial processes, monitoring new drugs and aiding the process development team if the drug gets the go-ahead for commercial production.

Teaching new pharmacists

Pharmacists with good communication skills who have work experience might consider teaching others. They can share their experiences and real-life scenarios with students in the lecture theatre. Pharmacy professors can carry out their own research or produce theses and help students with their laboratory coursework, making it a very varied career path.

Getting clinical

For more direct involvement with patients, clinical pharmacy is an option as it involves the promotion of health, wellness and disease prevention in addition to the use of medicines. Clinical pharmacists often work with doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals.

Going nuclear

Nuclear medicine is a very interesting field to specialise in. It is highly regulated and will require further study in order to be able to prepare radiopharmaceuticals safely and efficiently. Radiation protection is an integral part of the job along with quality assurance and controlled testing. Anyone who is interested in research and development would do well to look into becoming a radiopharmacist.

Working in the media

Top newspapers and specialist magazines will employ pharmacists to write about healthcare and drug-related issues. Although it may require extra training as a journalist, pharmacists with good writing or communication skills would be highly suited.

Cats are much more than great sleepers.

Whether you are someone who enjoys the company of a cat or not there are many fascinating facts about these creatures, some of which you may not have heard about before. Cats are, along with dogs, one of the most popular animals to have as a pet and our love for them doesn’t stop there with many people spending lots of money on their pets. From toys for them to play with, cat jungles for them to climb and radiators beds for you to places on the radiators you sourced from Aluminium Radiators UK company, as everyone knows that cats are drawn to any source of heat.  It has even been scientifically proven that owning an animal like a cat can have a positive impact on our health and in particular on your blood pressure.

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Here are some facts to have a look at:


  • Cats have amazing hearing and they can pick up a large range of frequencies and this covers sounds that can’t be heard by either humans or dogs.
  • Much of cat’s communication is done through scent and scent marking. You will often find a cat rubbing their cheeks and the top of their heads along the furniture in your home as well as on fences and plants in your garden. This is their way of marking their territory to deter other cats from entering the area.
  • Cats vocalise in a number of ways including meowing, purring, hissing, growling and many more noises.

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Body structure

  • Cats are very agile and flexible animals and are known for their amazing balance. This is in part due to their long tails and its design with around 28 vertebrae (similar to the ones found in our spines) down the length of the tail. This is what gives the tail its structure and manoeuvrability.
  • Interestingly a cat’s backbone is much more flexible than our own with the ability for one half to rotate in angle of 180 degrees to the other half of the backbone.
  • Cats eyes are very adept at being able to reflect light well enough for them to able to see in great detail in the dark, and much more than the prey that they are stalking.
  • Grooming sometimes seems to be a favourite past time of many cats and is the main way that they keep their fur clean. This is added to by the fact that their tongues have hundreds on tiny backwards facing spines called papillae. These are much like the spines on a hairbrush and act in a similar fashion. If you have a cat that is particularly long furred, then it is a good idea to give them some additional grooming each week to help prevent the build-up of hairballs in their stomachs.

FDA Issues Vaccination Guidelines for Parents

The vast array of information regarding vaccines can be a lot to digest for parents. However, the FDA has long been supporting American families and healthcare professionals to best understand the benefits and risks of vaccines. Thanks to vaccinations, infectious diseases such as polio and smallpox have now been eradicated, and diseases including Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and the measles are much more rarely found. More recently a HPV vaccination has been introduced for teenage girls and it is hoped that this will dramatically decrease the number of women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer. HPV is a sexuall transmitted infection that can over time lead to abnormal cervical cells. It is most often picked up during smear tests and other STIs are picked up via testing from Home StI Kits London company bexley sexual health as well as other clinics and providers throughout the country.

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Consumer Update

The FDA issued an update in August 2016 to provide further information to families concerning the types of vaccinations offered to children and the questions that often come with them. Due to immunisation programmes that have been introduced since the 20th century, many parents have not seen first-hand the dangers of preventable illnesses by vaccines. However, this does not mean that they cannot emerge, and with growing concerns circulating in the media over potential harm from vaccines, the FDA are working to assure parents that they are necessary and safe. The FDA states that that potential harm from vaccines is less significant than the potential harm from diseases.

Recommended Action

For safe vaccination and a thorough understanding of the process, the FDA recommends that parents discuss the benefits and risks of vaccines with a healthcare professional. Parents should also disclose a full health history and any health issues that the child has already suffered from. Information found online can often be published by unqualified individuals, and so for accurate facts it is best to consult a qualified individual. A healthcare professional can additionally explain the potential risks of not vaccinating children. The consequences of not being protected from vaccine-preventable illnesses can be severe, and in some cases, deadly. As a result, it is crucial that parents are aware of all risks before making an informed decision.

Any issues found which may be linked to vaccines should always be reported to the FDA through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. For healthcare professionals and companies there is plenty of support on how to best support families with correct information.

There are additionally sheets and leaflets provided by the FDA to explain the benefits and risks of vaccines. It is a legal requirement that healthcare professionals give these these to families.

Seeking out the latest thrill

We all have that one friend that seems to be constantly seeking out that adrenaline rush. Whether it is skydiving, swimming with sharks or perhaps taking part in Tank Driving from companies such as If you aren’t naturally the thrill seeking type it can be difficult to understand why these individuals seem to seek out danger.

Well, it is all down to biology and is found within all of us. It is down to your individual personality as to whether it is something that you will actively seek out.

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Adrenaline is a hormone that resides in all of us and is released during periods of high stress or as a result of the feelings of fear. The release of this hormone causes the heart rate to increase and also increasing the amount of oxygen that is available to our cells and in particular to our muscles. This is because of the fight, flight or freeze phenomenon. This would have been a part of our human make right from early time and your response to a wooly mammoth running at you would either be to run away, stay and fight or freeze in complete fear. All of these reactions are driven in your body by the release of adrenaline and it is what allows you to find the strength to run or fight.

As well as causing an increase in blood flow and oxygen levels adrenaline is also linked to the release of another chemical found naturally in our bodies and is that of dopamine. Dopamine is a natural feel good hormone that is regulated by our pituitary gland and it is this hormone that gives you the rush and high feeling when you take part in an extreme sport or achieve something you never thought was possible. The feelings that dopamine creates is usually felt after you have relaxed or ‘come down’ from the activity and it is this feeling that people seek time after time.

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Both adrenaline and dopamine can become addictive in the sense that once you experience the high related to them you will often enjoy the pleasurable feeling that comes along with them and you will then seek out this feeling once again. This is where you can find the term adrenaline junkie being linked to individuals who are continually seeking out the next thrill based experience, whatever this may be!

Stainless v galvanised steel: the differences

Stainless steel and galvanised steel can look similar; however, there are many important differences between the two. They are both useful in their own right but are different in terms of composition, weight, strength and cost. Here we take a look at how you can differentiate between galvanised and stainless steel.

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Galvanised steel is produced by dipping ordinary steel into molten zinc in the case of hot-dipping or into a solution of electrolytes that contains zinc in the case of electro-dipping.

Stainless steel is produced by mixing molten steel with molten chromium and allowing it to cool. When it has hardened, any impurities attached to the surface are removed with acid. Different ratios of steel to chromium are used, depending on the quality of the stainless steel.


A coating of zinc added to the surface of steel galvanises it and prevents corrosion. Stainless steel is composed of a mixture of steel and chromium.

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Stainless steel is stronger than galvanised steel because it contains chromium, which helps to protect against rusting. Galvanised steel only has an outer layer of zinc, which can wear away over time.


Stainless steel is more expensive than galvanised steel. The price can vary according to the percentage of chromium it contains.


Both stainless steel and galvanised steel have advantages for use in different situations. According to the Galvanizers Association, galvanized steel is often used in circumstances in which corrosion resistance is required without the expense of stainless steel.

As it is weaker, galvanised steel is often used for lower-cost projects than stainless steel. It is used in domestic buildings in the construction of fittings and pipes and is commonly used for chain link fencing, metal roofs for buildings, and in the manufacture of air conditioning equipment such as ductwork parts. These are available in both stainless steel and galvanised steel from companies such as

Galvanised steel also has the advantage of being relatively light and able to withstand adverse weather conditions.

Stainless steel is more expensive but stronger and is used for larger budget projects where thick components or heavy lifting are required. It is used for high-end applications such as the building of bridges, cars, monuments, railways, and even skyscrapers.

Both types of steel are suited to their own applications.


Which is your Favourite Fashion Trends from Different Nations: ?

Fashion trends come and go with each passing season. Unfortunately, most of us only get to see and try out the trends that are in style within our own country. If you like keeping tabs on the latest trends in ladies designer clothing, why not broaden your horizons and dip your toe into some of these fascinating trends from around the world:  The best way to do this is to switch on your television and watch a fashion show which will show you the following countries.  Just make sure have the best signal for your set.  If there are problems maybe get a TV Aerial Repair Cheltenham company found at sites like to come in and test everything works ok.


If you’re a fashion lover, then you are probably already aware of all the latest trends from the United Kingdom. Most popular trends at the moment include vinyl trousers which are usually incredibly tight AND glossy. Other trends such as silver sequins, luxury sportswear and the “upscale onesie” have all been featured on Vogue UK recently.

You can keep up to date with the latest UK trends on the internet which offers latest news in the industry and a range of affordable designer brands to add to your collection this summer.


It wouldn’t be an article about worldwide fashion trends without mentioning the fashion capital of the world. Paris has recently hosted the much anticipated fashion week event which revealed many of the trends expected to pop up during the summer months. These include ruffles, leather jackets and skirts, laced boots, long flowing skirts and sheer dresses. Which will you be sporting this July/August?


American fashion is quite similar to our favourite styles over here in the UK. Some of the most popular include tube socks (yes, you read that correctly), floral suits, acid-washed denim pieces and off-shoulder tops and dresses. You can rock any of these trends quite easily since the UK is familiar with many of the looks mentioned above.


Hundreds of fashion brands attended the Mercedes-Benz China Fashion Week 2016 to get a closer look at the styles for Spring/Summer 2016. China is always quite adventurous when it comes to expressing themselves through fashion. Some styles include classical dresses, erotic designs paired with dramatic makeup, leather accessories and gothic styled skirts and outfits with a lot of attitude.

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Russian fashion trends this year have managed to spread into other nations including both the UK and the U.S. Even the American Vogue has dedicated time to appreciate the unique stylising’s of Russian designers. Such trends include denim-on-denim, a trend that is quite tricky to pull off which is perhaps what makes it so appealing. This trend takes the lead in Russia, with both the catwalk and the high-street showcasing variances of the double denim trend. These include denim jeans with jackets, denim skirts with denim styled trainers and even denim dresses!

Autumn fabrics to use this year

As summer fades, and the transition into autumn brings cooler weather and darker days, the need to revamp and rethink your wardrobe grows stronger. Sheer blouses and skirts made from lightweight fabrics are relegated to the back of the wardrobe, making space for a range of heavier, richer and warmer cold weather favourites.

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Choosing cosy fabrics

Deciding on which autumn fabrics to work with is obviously going to be influenced by what you plan to make.  If your living in a Residential Park Homes location maybe get together with a few of the people living the park home life and see what colours are in this year.  While some materials are versatile, others are more suitable for a particular type of clothing. Regardless, the autumn provides plenty of opportunity to indulge yourself in a whole range of fabrics which are off limits during the warmer months.

Here’s a rundown of the most popular and relevant autumn weight and style materials around.

Plain weave cotton pima

This versatile fabric comes in both print and solid blocks of many colours, and as it holds shape well, this is a great choice of fabric for autumn tops and dresses. It’s also a good option for beginners, as it is so easy to work with.

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Cosy up on cooler evenings in flannel lounge wear or pyjamas. Conveniently, this fabric is available in several different weights, so there’s no need to go straight for the heaviest if you prefer something snuggly but lighter to wear.


Possibly the ultimate sign that autumn has arrived is the re-emergence of corduroy trousers and skirts, and why not? This is a comfortable, flexible and smart looking material to work with.


The classic autumn weight fabric, and super flexible too. With so many colour choices and possible designs, you could live in denim and never get bored of the skirts, shirts, jeans and more that you can make. Look for fabric which has Spandex or Tencel blended in, if you prefer garments with more give.

Cotton poplin fabric

This is perfect for making dresses, tops, and skirts which combine the style and comfort of cotton, with the extra warmth needed as temperatures drop. Online sources are a good place to track this popular fabric down.


This has to be the most glamorous and sensual autumn fabric around, making it perfect for warm yet stylish party dresses, maxi length skirts, cocktail trousers or smart jackets.


The Best Free Things to do in Birmingham

Birmingham is shedding its industrial past and is today one of the most forward-thinking and creative cities in the country. With free museums, historic footpaths and lots of green spaces, the second city in the UK is ideal for those on a limited budget. Here are ten free activities to do while visiting, whether you’re there for a fleeting business trip or a family break:

Walk the Tolkien Trail on Moseley Bog

Author of Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit J.R.R. Tolkien received initial inspiration from the Birmingham area for his books and the areas are now incredibly popular sites to visit. As a child, Tolkien would play at Moseley Bog and Sarehole Mill. At Moseley Bog, you can follow the Tolkien Trail and visit Sarehole Mill which officially holds the Middle-earth weekend in May.

Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery

Although donations are welcomed, admission to the popular museum in the city centre is absolutely free. There are exhibitions that change periodically, an activity room for children, and a Victorian tearoom. Take a look at the globally famous Staffordshire Hoard and the biggest public collection of Pre-Raphaelite paintings in the world, all housed in a stunning Level II listed building, dating from 1885. Visit Birmingham from Irish Airports with

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Digbeth Street Art

Known as the city’s creative quarter, Digbeth boasts some great street art. On the main street, you will pass The Old Crown (the oldest lodging in Birmingham that was built in 1368), the famous Irish Centre and the JFK memorial. Go a little off the track to see impressive industrial buildings juxtaposed with modern street art for which this quarter is known.

BBC Birmingham in the Mailbox

BBC Birmingham broadcasts from popular shopping centre and restaurant, the Mailbox and they open their doors to their visitor centre for free. Here you can see authentic clothing from the Peaky Blinders TV series, pose with Doctor Who’s Tardis and watch the news bulletin directly from the viewing area upstairs. Full studio tours do incur an entrance fee, but if children have the Blue Peter badge, they can enter free of charge with full-paying adults.

Lose yourself in a book in the Birmingham Library

The £ 188 million Birmingham library was opened in September 2013 and holds more than 300,000 books. Here you’ll find the beautiful Shakespeare Memorial Room. In summer, take books to the stunning 7th floor secret terrace garden to admire the spectacular views of the city around you.

Walk along the canal

Birmingham has more miles of canals than Venice, so take a walk along one of the many canal paths in the city. The heart of the Birmingham canal network is in the midst of restaurants and shopping outlets and the winding footpath welcomes hundreds of ships and barges every day. Some of the best hidden stops in town are found by stretching your legs around the Gas Street Basin, including the charming Canalside Cafe and 19th-century pubs such as Tap & Spile. Feel tired? Catch the Waterbus to travel back!

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Look at the view from Lickey Hills

Often referred to as the best view in the city, Lickey Hills Country Park is one of Birmingham’s most valuable parks and pedestrian paths. Located at the southernmost tip of the city, the 524-hectare forest area has one of the best views overlooking Birmingham.

Museum of London opened design competition

An exciting opportunity was opened for architects to design the Museum of London’s new home opened in February 2016.  The project, set to complete in 2021 was created inside Horace Jones’ West Smithfield market and will encompass the vacant General Market and Fish Market, in addition to the poultry market, the Red House, Iron Mountain and the Engine House.

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Malcolm Reading Consultants (MRC) organised the contest in two stages. The selection process was taken forward by a panel in February and following the shortlisting in the spring, the winning architect will be announced in the summer.

World class architects

The best architects from across the world showcase their creativity as they compete for the opportunity to create history in this exciting project. Firms familiar with using creative solutions such as stretched ceilings will be competing for this prestigious award.

There will be materials being used like plastic, rubber, material and metal to make all kinds of design.  The artists may need to prove these structures are safe and steady so a little metal bonding adhesive may need to be used to hold them together which can be sourced from
As construction technology continues to evolve, with examples including tensile fabrics used by firms the opportunities for innovative and visually appealing solutions to external architectural challenges abound. There is little doubt that many of the entries in the Museum of London competition will be both creative and aesthetically engaging.

Delivering a modern solution whilst ensuring sensitivity

The underlying vision for the project is to showcase the Capital for Londoners and for visitors alike. It will see the affected buildings brought to life in order to tell viewers about London’s history, whilst including finds from the largest archaeological archive in the world.

The contest is being funded by the Mayor of London and the leasehold was reportedly bought by City of London Corporation from Henderson Global Investors for £34.6 million. Boris Johnson, Prime minister of London believes that finding the right architect is extremely important, allowing the Museum to identify and to engage with the very best architectural talent from across the globe in creating a landmark destination and a new cultural attraction for the Capital.

The brief is expected to be a challenging opportunity for the chosen architects and the museum director Sharon Ament is excited about the plans, now that City of London Corporation has acquired the leasehold. He believes that the key to a successful bid will be the sensitive combination of modern vision and technology with West Smithfield’s “sensitive heritage.”

Can furniture be artwork?

More and more collectors, museums and gallery owners seem to think so. Collectors pay for contemporary furniture made by hand as an investment in the future. Museums often only exhibit antique furniture, but more and more are assigning their own contemporary works to display.

Art furniture originated in the 19th century Arts and Crafts movement in Europe. This became a far more popular movement in the US in the following century and was based on a rejection of modern mass-produced furniture. It also rejected modern materials, with a preference for working with wood. There was an increase in handmade furniture during the 1950s that combined modern aesthetics and traditional workmanship.

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Is there a relationship between art and furniture? Furniture generally provides functional use, but this does not exclude the fact that it can also be an expression of individual creativity and a marriage of art and utility. Should a cabinet look like a statue or become a statue that usefully turns itself into a cabinet?

Modern furniture can become art in a number of clever and unusual ways. Pieces have been designed for small town apartment life that can be used and then folded to hang on the wall like works of art.

This seems to be the perfect combination of foldable functional furniture and contemporary wall art. Maybe the whole room can be hung on the wall and when needed, just lowered and opened. Reclamation materials can also be used to make specially ordered furniture that has artistic and functional qualities. Environmentally, it makes sense to use locally harvested wood, brass and industrial steel and scrap glass. Combining modern lines and existing organic material creates a unique work that has its own story to tell. Therefore, it is possible to design beautiful and functional works of art. Perhaps you’re seeking a statement furniture piece for your next office refit? For Interior Fit Out Companies London, visit Mobius

Antique furniture is often seen as art and its maintenance can indeed be called an art form. Decorative items from periods such as Georgian England will require restoration and there are specialist restorations that will work on antique chairs, tables, wardrobes, desks, drawers, and beds. This is a highly skilled job that can include wood carving, gold plating, coating, cabinet making, polishing and coating. These are the same skilled workers who restore frames for paintings and mirrors, highly regarded works of art. Oil paintings and watercolours can also be restored by cleaning, refinishing and touching up missing or peeling parts. In this case, antique furniture falls quite strongly in the art sector.

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Furniture Art galleries can be found in the US and in 2005 tables such as spinel by post-war designer Carlo Mollino were sold at Christie’s for $ 3.8 million. This triggers a signal that a new type of market is developing and there is increasing demand for art furniture.